Bee bread is a mixture of bee pollen, royal jelly, honey and beeswax all bound together with some good ole' bee saliva. The freshly made bee bread is stored in the hive and eaten while the hive hibernates during cold times.
Bee bread is a super food that is sometimes confused with bee pollen, and it is easy to confuse them as they are quite similar. Bees bread is made up of bee pollen, but with some very significant differences.
Bee pollen is harvested from the bee as it returns to the hive. A mesh is placed in front of the hive entrance that knocks the bee pollen off the bees legs.
If the pollen weren't harvested as the bee returned to the hive after collecting nectar, the bee would take this pollen into the hive to be stored as food for larvae. The pollen would be packed into the honeycomb and sealed with saliva and wax to keep it fresh so it can be used at a later stage when the flowering season has ended.
As the bee pollen is taken deep into the hive and packed into a honeycomb cell for safe storage, it picks up a lot of extra nutrients along the way. As Bee pollen is packed into the honeycomb cells, it's mixed with bee saliva and bee wax.
Each cell will be fill about two-thirds full with bee pollen, and then it will be filled to the top with honey and beeswax and make it airtight. Once the cell is sealed, the fermentation process begins.
Bees bread has all the nutrients and beneficial properties that bee pollen has, but it has a higher energy value, due to the fermentation process and the fact it's mixed with honey.
For this reason, it is usually recommended to consume bee bread early in the morning.
After bee bread has been successfully fermented, an abundance of compounds can be found in it. It is rich in amino acids as well as phytohormones, flavonoids, mineral elements and active biological compounds; the bio-availability of bee bread is at least three times that of bee pollen granules.
Whether to use bee pollen or bee bread is a matter of personal preference, bee bread is the richer in nutrients and gives a bigger energy boost. Bee bread is harder to find tho and is considerably more expensive.
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